OPINION: Hoover's Twelve Points

In a simple speech Elder Statesman Herbert Hoover last week offered twelve principles to guide civilian economy in total war. To 4,000 people at the Manhattan convention of the National Association of Manufacturers (see p. 91) Herbert Hoover said: "From our own experience and the experience of all other countries ... we can distill some principles or policies of organization of civilians. I do not offer them as criticism, but as recommendations for adoption where they have not been applied in this war." The principles:

>Civilians should direct all civilian activities—"otherwise we shall...

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