Delegates from the Spanish-speaking Americas, including Catholic clergy and Spanish Falange agents, gathered at the flag-decked Cine Güemes in the pink-walled city of Salta in northern Argentina. Their goal: to spread the doctrine of European totalitarianism for the benefit of the reactionaries and Fascist-minded in Latin America. They had a name for it: Hispanidad.

Outstanding figures were Argentina's President Ramón S. Castillo; Foreign Minister Enrique Ruiz-Guiñazú; onetime Argentine Ambassador to Spain Daniel Garcia Mansilla (the presiding dignitary); the Most Rev. Roberto José Tavella, Archbishop of Salta; and Spanish Ambassador to Argentina, Admiral Antonio Magaz y Pers, Marquis of Magaz. They convened...

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