No cement invasion barges had been invented when Crusader Richard Coeur de Lion captured the island of Cyprus in the Twelfth Century. The Knights of St. John had no guns nor explosives when they built a castled city on the Isle of Rhodes. Airplanes were undreamed-of when they buried their loot in the caverns on the island of Malta. But then as now, these islands were steppingstones toward the treasures of Egypt and the Holy land. Men's weapons have changed but the routes of conquest remain.

Through offshore waters where Phoenicians, Romans and...

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