The President's lend-lease plan was introduced as Bill No. 1776, entitled "A Bill to Further Promote the Defense of the United States, and For Other Purposes." The historic number, the majestic vagueness of the language were symptomatic. No bill like it had ever been introduced. Under the bill, powers would go to Franklin Roosevelt such as no American has ever before even asked for.

Many who had applauded the President's speeches to the nation and to Congress as high and noble words were shocked as they saw his translation of those words into harsh legislative reality.

The bill described defense articles as:...

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