THE PRESIDENCY: Aide to Britain

Like millions of other drunk or sober, unconcerned or troubled U. S. citizens, Franklin Roosevelt stayed up on New Year's Eve to see a tragic old year out, a new year in. At midnight, to his wife, his mother and a few close friends, the President proposed a toast: "To the United States of America."

In the week that followed his address to the nation—an address in which he had shucked off the last shred of U. S. neutrality—the White House was flooded with messages, voicing approval in a ratio of 100-to-1. Even...

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