JUDICIARY: Borrowing Judge

When he was appointed a U. S. District judge by Woodrow Wilson in 1916, Martin Thomas Manton of New York, 36, was the youngest Federal judge in the land. Wilson raised him to the U. S. Circuit Court of Appeals two years later, and he survived to become one of its senior members at 58.

Large, baldish and worldly, he was no ivory tower judge. He believed that social and economic phenomena "give life and substance to the law." Lawyers disliked his air of domineering omniscience, which seemed seldom justified by his understanding...

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