LABOR: 20 Years After

Hardheaded old Steelmaster Charles M. Schwab and his smoother, younger prototype, Eugene Grace, made labor history 20 years ago when they installed an "Employe Representation Plan" in Bethlehem Steel Corp. By the standards of the nonunion steel industry of 1918, E. R. P. was revolutionary. It assumed that workers had a right to some voice in the conduct of the plants where they worked.

When organized Labor shortly pressed the same idea, the industry (Bethlehem included) fiercely repulsed the steel strikes of 1919, and E. R. P. became synonymous to Labor with...

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