Art: Hammer Icons

Two of the most startling characters in the U. S. art world are the Brothers Armand and Victor Hammer, one with a medical degree, both friends of Soviet Russia. Visiting Moscow in 1921 to do a few months' medical relief work in the Ural farming area, Armand Hammer ended up by staying nine years and with Brother Victor became one of the first foreigners to obtain commercial concessions in Russia, sold Ford tractors, Moline plows, later bought Russian beer barrel staves for his U. S. factories. Realizing that the Soviet bureaucracy was becoming...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now


Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!