Religion: What is Believed

Of ancient, shady ancestry is the Devil. As Egypt's Serpent Apap, he crawled at dark by the Nile while flames shuddered in his thin trail. In Babylonia, even fools dared not prate of him when he was known as "the lady Nina." His was the god-defiance of Prometheus, the malice of Ahriman. Still as Siva he destroys. . . .

Hebrew and Christian monotheism, giving personal entity to God, did likewise to Satan. To Catholics, the Devil still stands shockingly silhouetted against Hell's background. For many Protestants, he has been rationalized or ridiculed...

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