BATTLE OF THE ARCTIC: Passage to Murmansk

Snow was falling on the sea. Each ship in the convoy moved through the night in a white-curtained cell of its own: the transports from New York, laden with munitions for Russia; the high-sided, thick-bowed Russian destroyers, adapted from Italian designs for ice-breaking and patrol in rough northern waters; Britain's new (1939) 8,000-ton cruiser Trinidad, the old and war-tried destroyer Eclipse, several other warships under the Union Jack. This convoy, for the first time in World War II, had brought together British and Soviet naval units for a common job.

They soon...

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