Religion: Protestants on the War

When the U.S. declared war on Germany in 1917, the Federal Council of Churches pledged "both support and allegiance in unstinted measure," expressed gratitude that "the ends to which we are committed are such as we can approve . . . aims for which every one of us may lay down our all, even life itself."

Very different in tone and emphasis was the "message to our fellow Christians" which the Federal Council had issued for World War II. Conspicuously omitting the 1917 declaration that America was fighting "to vindicate the principles of righteousness and the inviolability of faith as between...

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