Art: Architects for Defense

After a year of bench-warming, some of the U.S.'s star architects were finally at work last week on defense housing. In Pittsburgh's suburb of New Kensington, not far from Aluminum Co. of America's sprawling plant, builders got started on a set of emergency houses designed by famed Architect Walter Gropius of Harvard and his co-Bauhäusler Marcel Breuer. They differed as much from the first crop of Government houses for defense workers as a Frank Lloyd Wright design does from a suburban contractor's.

Gropius and Breuer got the assignment this month, spent 36 hours of...

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