Medicine: Shocks for Sanity

Two startling methods of shocking lunatics back to sanity were discussed by doctors at the American Psychiatric Association meeting in Richmond, Va. last week. Both types of treatment are mechanical, differ from chemical injections of insulin or metrazol, which are widely used in hospitals throughout the U.S.

Electric Current. Four years ago, two doctors in Rome named Ugo Cerletti and L. Bini passed an electric current through a dog's brain, gave him a mild convulsion without doing him any harm. They next attempted to faradize psychiatric patients back to normality. Dr. Lothar Kalinowsky of Berlin introduced the new technique to Paris and...

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