As if she were not having enough troubles, Great Britain learned last week that the Republic of San Marino, with its 950 soldiers and 39 dazzlingly uniformed officers, all "in splendid condition," had declared war against her.

To do so the oldest and smallest republic—called by Abraham Lincoln "one of the most honored States in history"—had to conclude its 25-year war with Germany. Having entered World War I along with Italy, its neighbor and protector, San Marino forgot to show up when peace treaties were signed at Sevres and Versailles. Everyone else forgot...

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