Medicine: Dr. Korell's Reward

Almost 50 years ago, in a tiny hill town of Ohio's Belmont County, young Dr. Frederick Archimedes Korell was confronted with a medical puzzler: a strange new children's disease. Its symptoms: swollen glands, high fever, sore throat, coughing, abdominal pains. He was fresh from medical school and he had never heard of the disease. He treated the symptoms separately, and the children all recovered.

By 1896 he had seen 96 cases of "glandular fever," so he wrote a paper describing the new disease, presented it before the county medical society. His elders scoffed at him, said he was making a great...

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