A Constitutional prerogative of the U. S. Senate is the right to ratify all U. S. treaties with foreign Governments. And one of the chores the Congress as a whole has most enjoyed is the writing of tariff bills. Under the New Deal the key to both these powers has rested in the slightly baggy coat pocket of pale, poker-faced Cordell Hull, Secretary of State. By calling the reciprocal trade pacts "agreements" and not "treaties," he kept them out of the Senate; by adopting the most-favored-nation principle in the trade agreements, he...

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