Unless Premier Viacheslav Molotov pulls a dove out of his hat addressing a session of the Supreme Council of the Soviet Union this week (an unlikely possibility), the last phase of the peace drive petered to a close last week at Castel Gandolfo, Italy. One after the other the world's Big Men—Mussolini, Hitler, Stalin, Roosevelt, Chamberlain—had reneged, bungled, excused or disqualified themselves from the job of proposing the one Big Plan the world had spent two months hoping for—a Peace Plan.

Last Big Man up was Pius XII. Like some of the others,...

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