The Western Hemisphere is half the world; in it are 21 republics who want no part in World War II. Last week 21 men assembled in Panama to chart a course of continental neutrality—and, from that, continental solidarity.

They met in realization of a heroic vision a shag-haired 19th-Century revolutionary named Simon Bolivar lived for—the cooperation of the American countries as equal and sovereign states forever at peace. And from seat No. 19, where sat Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles, came a proposal that the Americas guard their seas from the new...

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