In the World War Great Britain and Turkey fought each other bitterly in Palestine, Syria, Mesopotamia and at Gallipoli. Badly defeated, their country saved from dismemberment only by the vigorous leadership of the late Kamal Atatürk, the Turks came through the War with a profound distrust of German alliances. They quickly made friends with Russia, traditional enemy of the Turkish Sultanate, and moved continually toward greater friendship with Britain.

Last week this friendship developed into an alliance. In the British House of Commons Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain announced that Turkey and Britain...

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