For two and a half years the Rome-Berlin Axis has ticked like a clock. Sympathetic Adolf Hitler has cheered loudly when Friend Benito Mussolini corrected the "pyramidal errors of geography." II Duce has applauded as the Führer grabbed Lebensraum ("living space") for himself. The two even joined hands for a while in Spain. But while committed to give moral aid to each other, no German-Italian understanding to give military help was ever put down in black & white. In fact, rainbow-chasing French and British politicians believed that Italy would balk before it...

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