Medicine: Stout Heart

For 30 years, kindly, mellow-voiced Dr. Alexander Nicoll of New York's Fordham Hospital waited to try out an operation which he had carefully studied step by step from texts and charts. His opportunity came last April when attendants wheeled in Patrolman William Manning, who had been stabbed through the heart, was on the verge of death.

Dr. Nicoll confidently grasped his knife, made an incision along the side to the breastbone, along the breastbone for eight inches, then straight through the third, fourth, fifth and sixth ribs. Pushing back the ribs he saw the...

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