The International Red Cross was founded 75 years ago as an agency to care for wounded war combatants. Last week, at the quadrennial Red Cross conference, originally scheduled for Madrid, then shifted to London, the fighting soldier received little attention. Instead, the main conference topic was the protection of the noncombatant man, woman & child in time of war.

Since the last International Red Cross meeting in 1934, three wars have been waged against both combatants and noncombatants. During the Italo-Ethiopian war, Ethiopian villages were gassed and bombed, Ethiopians who probably had...

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