National Affairs: Pragmatic Pennsylvanians

To labor theoreticians, there are usually but two valid approaches to the problem of political action: 1) the historic A. F. of L. policy of rewarding its friends and punishing its enemies but keeping clear of any long-term commitments; 2) an independent political party divorced from the structure and personalities of the two old parties, with candidates of its own and a program of social regeneration. But Labor's actions in practice have often confounded the theoreticians. New York's precocious and pragmatic American Labor Party has defied neat ideological characterization by putting Democratic and...

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