National Affairs: Reorganization Renaissance

"Now that we are out of the trough of the Depression, the time has come to set our house in order. The administrative management of the Government needs overhauling. . . ."

With these brave words, Franklin Delano Roosevelt in January 1937 launched what looked at the time to be the most far-reaching project of his Administration to date: a gigantic plan to reorganize the entire executive branch of the Federal Government, intended among other things to kill the U. S. spoils system.

Few U. S. Presidents ever acquired as much political prestige as...

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