Lobbyists sat on the edge of their seats in a ring around the Senate Gallery. Administration leaders on the floor below tried to put on a brave front in the face of expected defeat. The Senate was about to follow the House, to pass a bill for immediate payment of the Bonus.

Three things were political certainties:

1) The Bill would pass. Too many Senators were for it, too many Senators needed veteran support for re-election in 1936.

2) Franklin Roosevelt would veto it. In private conversation he had so often promised a veto,...

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