Early one morning last week whistles began to blow, bells to ring in the city of Manila. In Washington a few minutes before (noon of the day before) President Roosevelt, beaming his best smile, exclaimed: "This is a great day for you and for me!'' The gentlemen he was addressing were two Filipinos, Senators Manuel Quezon and Elpidio Quirino, who had just watched him sign the McDuffie-Tydings bill offering to make the Philippines a Commonwealth for ten years, to grant them independence thereafter. Everybody beamed but no one was genuinely elated. The...

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