Music: Blessed Event

There was very little security 27 years ago for a middle-class Jewish family named Burschstein who lived in Bielostok, Russia (now Poland). Harried by fear of Tsarism and pogroms, they had a son who belonged to a Socialist fraternity. Their eleven-year-old daughter Rosa was already being watched suspiciously by government officials, for she carried messages between her brother and his friends. Then one day came the dreaded cry: Pogrom! Rosa, with only the clothes she wore and a small satchel, was hurriedly packed off to Italy in the company of a cousin....

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now

Subscribe
Subscribe

Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on TIME.com

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!