Music: Lowest Notes

Low B flat, the lowest tone in music that is not just a grunt, is sounded in orchestras by the contrabassoon or the contrabass tuba. Beethoven used the big woodwind in his Ninth Symphony. Haydn in his Creation, Brahms in his First Symphony. Wagner used the mighty mouthed tuba to plumb the murky depths of his Niebelungen Ring.

The lowest tones in nature are made, not by thunder as many might think, but by giant waterfalls, according to an announcement made last week by Dr. William Braid White, acoustic expert for American Steel &...

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