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Every year the U. S. steel industry consumes some 750,000 tons of manganese ore. Some of it comes from Africa where the great manganese mines are on the seaboard, easy to exploit. Some of it makes the long passage from India. A great deal comes from the Soviet mines in Georgia, Russia, which William Averell Harriman tried unsuccessfully to handle. Only 8% comes from U. S. mines.

Near Santiago, Cuba, are 10,000 acres of manganese ore. By the Treaty of 1902 no duty can be imposed on manganese imported...

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