Animals: Grumpy Grane

An important character in Wagner's Götterdämmerung is Grane, the horse which Brünhilde gives to Siegfried as testimony of her love, to which she must sing her final immolation music and then ride bravely into the flaming pyre. A good Grane is as hard to find as a good German tenor. He must look spirited yet be willing to stand quietly while singers sing loudly and at close range, strings whir, brasses blare, drums pound and steam hisses up through the stage traps. In St. Paul, when the German Grand Opera visited there...

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