BRAZIL: Five-Minute Ceremony

The outgoing President of Brazil ordinarily presides when the incoming President is sworn. Last week, however, the outgoing President, Washington Luis (whose term expires Nov. 15) was still in jail, closely guarded by his revolutionary captors when it came time to induct the new provisional President, Getulio Vargas, No. i revolutionist (TIME, Oct. 13 et seq.}. In these circumstances there was no swearing in but a five-minute ceremony: Dr. Vargas signed a paper declaring that he is President. Nations which recognized him three days later: Italy, Portugal (Brazilians speak Portuguese), Chile,...

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