One year ago, last July 1, eleven vessels brought 11,482 passengers, most of them immigrants, into New York Harbor. Ellis Island was jammed with humanity. A year later, this July 1, nine ships came in, bringing 1,214 passengers, none of them immigrants. Ellis Island was idle.

The difference was a difference in immigration laws. The superseded law placed a premium on pushing in as soon as the clock struck twelve for the beginning of a new immigration year. The present law says : "Get a certificate before you start and come over at your...

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