Education: Beethoven

Ninth and last of the "immortal" symphonies of Beethoven is the "Choral" Symphony in D Minor. The Western World celebrates its centenary this year.

Napoleonic noise was filling the world when Beethoven first dreamed in D Minor—a combination of orchestra and voice that should recapitulate the struggle and ultimate victory of humanity. It was several years later that Beethoven wrote to London asking what the Philharmonic Society would be likely to pay for a manuscript symphony. The offer was £50. In 1824 the manuscript was delivered—...

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