In 1565, 40 years after Monk Martin Luther married Nun Katharina von Bora and thus symbolized a new order of religion, Pedro Menendez,* general of the fleet of King Philip II of Spain, nosed his galleons along the Florida coast. Where he found French colonists he asked: "Are you Catholics or are you Lutherans?' Where they replied: "Lutherans of the New Religion," he hung them on trees, and to the tree trunks affixed placards: "I do this not as to Frenchmen but as to Lutherans."

Henrich Christiansen,...

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