Dr. Otto Gessler, German Minister of Defense, startled the Reichswehr by ordering that only the black, red & gold flag of the Republic shall be displayed on Reichswehr buildings and by officers and men of the German Army. The order also included the families of Reichswehr soldiers and all civilians housed on Reichswehr property, although display of the flag in this case was made optional.

Berlin, a city that has long been accustomed to the defiance flung by thousands of black, white & red monarchist flags, waxed hot and cold at this decree....

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