CHINA: Outer Mongolia

According to report, Outer Mongolia is to be declared a republic. After the Chinese revolution of 1912,

Outer Mongolia (about half the size of continental U. S.) declared its independence from China and proclaimed as Emperor the Hutuktu (Living Buddha). The Hutuktu, spiritual and temporal head of the State, ruled autocratically in much the same way as the Popes used to rule the Papal States.

Mongolian independence was guaranteed by Russia in 1912 and in 1913 a Chino-Russian pact recognized the autonomy of the country, but under Chinese sovereignty. The Russian revolution...

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