When Achille Ratti ascended the throne of the Popes at Rome 20 months ago, the surprised world-in-general grasped one fact: he had been an Alpine climber. It overlooked the fact that the new Pope— Pius XI—had been acting as Papal nuncio in Poland, which, from the point of view of the Roman Catholic Church, was, after the War a most crucial province.

The increasing prestige of the Vatican has, however, been constantly pointed out by Roman Catholic writers in the U.S.

Pius XI, chiefly through his Polish...

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