ITALY: The Stangata Dilemma

Like firemen dashing to douse a blaze, dozens of Italian Communist Party leaders have been fanning throughout Italy to calm rising discontent among the party's rank and file. For a long time, it seemed nothing could go wrong for the tightly disciplined, well-organized P.C.I., as it racked up increasingly impressive results in one election after another. But so many Communists in recent weeks have openly displayed skepticism or outright disapproval of their party's policies that the P.C.I, leadership faces its most serious internal problem in years.

At issue is the decision of...