The Gender Gap

MICHAEL PRINCE/CORBIS

RIGHT MIX: The early years are the best time to bridge the gap.

When Helga Nowotny, an Austrian sociologist of science, arrived for a fellowship at Berlin's Institute for Advanced Study in 1981, only one of the 19 other fellows was female. Today, Nowotny is back at the Institute as a visiting academic, and things have changed. "Almost half of the fellows are women," she says. "Sometimes you have to give men a little push. By raising awareness, they will include women in committees and projects."

Researchers across the E.U. agree things are better than ever for women in science — but a lot still needs to be done. Despite Europe's...

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