A War-Torn Land

Once upon a time, there was an end to war. In 1929 when the French and Americans were on better terms than they are today, the two nations sponsored a radical new idea: the Kellogg-Briand Pact. Its 62 signatories, which included Russia, the U.S., Japan, China, and most of Europe, agreed to renounce war as a tool of national policy. For about a year it seemed to work. Whereupon, in 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria; in 1935, the Italians attacked Ethiopia; and in 1938, Germany occupied Austria, heralding a drive for global dominance that would soon plunge...

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