In the Line of Fire

MURAD SEZER/AP

Stacked shelves show how the Kurds have benefited from U.N. oil deals and no-fly zone protection

Dr. Fouad Baban has spent much of the past 14 years documenting the effects of Saddam Hussein's 1988 gas attacks on the Kurdish people. He has traveled to 200 villages, spoken with hundreds of survivors and examined the sharply increased rates of lung cancer, birth defects and kidney disease. But the voluble doctor considers himself a specialist not just in diseases of the body. As a Kurd, he has also made a study of the mind of Saddam Hussein. "We know the patient, and we know what he is capable of," Baban told me one afternoon in his ranch-style home in...

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