Arthur Chaskalson

South African jurist

Even during the darkest days of apartheid, Arthur Chaskalson had a revolutionary view of the law: that it was about justice. As a young attorney in Johannesburg in the 1950s, he saw firsthand that apartheid law entrenched racial oppression, but he also discovered that a shrewd counsel could find ways to achieve justice on a small scale. That was one reason that at the age of 32, he was brought in to be part of Nelson Mandela's defense team at the infamous Rivonia trial that would eventually see the African leader sentenced to life in prison.

At the trial, Chaskalson's job...

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