Carlo Rambaldi

Early in the production of E.T., Steven Spielberg spent $700,000 on prototypes for the title alien. Unhappy with the results, he turned to Carlo Rambaldi of Italy, who had won Academy Awards for special effects for Alien and King Kong. Rambaldi, who died at 86, worked nearly 20-hour days to create the heartwarming animatronic character, which was capable of more than 100 separate movements. But the filmmaker who owed Rambaldi the greatest debt was Italian director and gore master Lucio Fulci. Rambaldi's models of vivisected dogs in the 1971 film A Lizard in a Woman's Skin were so convincing that Fulci...

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