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Sikhs begin their first sustained migration from India to the West Coast of the U.S.
U.S. Congress passes major immigration reform, opening the door to a new wave of Asian arrivals.
1980s and early '90s
Anti-Sikh riots in New Delhi, Sikh uprisings in the Indian state of Punjab and police violence against Sikhs spur thousands to immigrate to the U.S.
Four days after al-Qaeda's attacks on 9/11, Balbir Singh Sodhi is shot in Arizona, becoming the first Sikh murdered after the Twin Towers fell. The U.S. Senate passes a resolution affirming and protecting the civil rights of Sikh Americans.
The New York police department reinstates ex-employee Amric Singh Rathour, who was dismissed after refusing to remove his turban and shave his beard.
A school bully cuts off a 15-year-old Sikh's unshorn hair in New York City.
In February, a Michigan gurdwara is defaced with 9/11 graffiti. On Aug. 5, a gunman opens fire on a prayer service in Wisconsin, killing six.
Number of registered gurdwaras
[The following text appears within a map. Please see hardcopy or PDF for actual map.]
0 OR NO DATA
SOURCE: THE SIKH COALITION
What Sikhs believe
There is one God, all humans are equal, and service, devotion, and morality lead to enlightenment
Prominent Sikhs in the U.S.
President and CEO of MasterCard and chairman of the U.S.-India Business Council
First American man to win Olympic gold for road cycling, in 1984
Governor of South Carolina who was raised Sikh and now identifies as Methodist