Andrew Mason says he's had better ideas than Groupon. "To me, as somebody who likes to come up with ideas, it's kind of stupid," he explains. "Like, I've had way better ideas, way cooler ideas."
Maybe, but Groupon has attracted, like, stupid money. So have rivals such as LivingSocial, as investors rush in like a school of tuna hitting a chum slick to get a piece of the Web segment known as social commerce. It's a segment that has grown wildly in the past year: some 200%, according to Needham & Co., an investment-banking firm. Groupon, the category leader, offers its subscriberswho number more than 50 million and are growing at a clip of 3 million a monthdiscounts on goods and services, but only if a critical mass of people agree to buy the deals that are e-mailed to them each day. The discount could be up to 90% off on a car wash, a restaurant meal, a cooking class, dental work or just about any product or service available in the 500 cities and 35 countries where Groupon operates.
Social commerce, the Web's next big honeypot, has a three-way payoff: you get a better price, the merchant gets a guaranteed slug of added business and potential new customers, and Groupon takes a cut. "Groupon has cracked the code on a model for local advertising and local commerce," says James Slavet, a partner at Greylock Partners, a venture-capital firm in Silicon Valley and a Groupon investor. "Long term, this is a business that will do for retail what Google's done to search and search advertising."
A company with Google-like potential? No wonder Google felt compelled to buy Groupon, making an astonishing offer of $6 billion for it last December. Equally astonishing, Mason and his partners turned the Googleplexers down. "We have a lot of options," says Mason. "Every decision we make starts from this core of an idea that there will be a company that transforms the way people buy from local business. We can be one of the great defining brands of the 21st century."
Mason, 30, a musician, programmer, public-policy wonk and social activist (hey, who isn't?) is as much provocateur as Web entrepreneur. At the company's Chicago headquarters, he displays magazine covers that feature famous Web flameouts Friendster, Napster, Pets.comnext to his own cover appearance in Forbes. "I think a lot about those companies and what went wrong. And the majority of the time, it's those companies losing to themselves. It's not competitors that beat them," he says. "If you look at Myspace, Facebook was a better product. It's as simple as that."
Mason knows all about getting it wrong. He majored in music at Northwestern and worked at a Chicago recording studio but found out that he was a better composer of computer codes, which paid the rent. By 2006 he had veered into the University of Chicago's graduate school of public policy, dabbling in Internet start-ups along the way. Three months into the term, serial entrepreneur Eric Lefkofsky offered him $1 million in funding to develop an idea Mason had created called the Point. The point of the Point was to herd people into collective social action: marches, protests, stay-home-from-work days, etc. It didn't take Mason and Lefkofsky long to realize that shopping was more profitable than social action. By late 2008, Groupon was launched. It workedspectacularly, virally, to the point of overwhelming some merchants who were early participants: think of a flash mob that gets hungry for Greek food or decides to go bowling. Within a year, Groupon had 1 million adherents. Merchants across Chicago, and then in neighboring cities and states, lined up to get in.
The VCs got bug-eyed about Groupon's financials. The business had gone from zero to $500 million in sales in 18 months. No start-up had grown as fast. More important, it's extremely scalable, meaning Groupon can be replicated around the world using the same model. Today it's in 35 countrieshaving recently added the Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan and Hong Kong. "Groupon hasn't been like anything we've seen," says Lefkofsky. "I've been involved with high-growth tech companies. I thought I had seen hypergrowth, but this is hypergrowth squared."
It all plays to the beat of Mason's slightly trippy leadership. His official bio reports that "Andrew graduated with a degree in music, the uselessness of which served as a chief inspiration to not be useless." Silliness is almost a core value at Groupon. The place is overflowing with new hires150 to 200 a month in Chicago aloneyet on one floor, Mason has constructed a space decorated like a schoolboy's bedroom, which is reserved for an imaginary employee. One day, Mason decided to buy all his employees blue exercise balls to sit on, so the place looks like a romper room for 20-somethings.
His sense of humor can backfire. One of Groupon's Super Bowl commercials starred actor Timothy Hutton archly mocking Tibet as a political cause before delivering the product message: "The people of Tibet are in trouble... but they still whip up an amazing fish curry. And since 200 of us bought at Groupon.com, we're each getting $30 of Tibetan food for just $15." Critics scorned its way-too-hip approach, but true to Mason's activist instincts, Groupon is sponsoring a link on its website to the Tibet Fund, a charity that helps Tibetan exiles.