Bernie Madoff's Other Legacy

He helped create high-volume, high-speed trading. Now it's millisecond-fast--and scary

Mary Altaffer / AP

Traders at the New York Stock Exchange

One day in fall 2007, I found myself on the 19th floor of the Manhattan skyscraper known as the Lipstick Building, listening to Bernie Madoff explain to me how he made money. This was in preparation for a discussion called the Future of the Stock Market that I was moderating; Madoff was a participant. (It's a big hit on YouTube — just Google "Madoff video.") Sadly, he didn't happen to mention the now infamous Ponzi scheme he was running two floors below us. At issue was his legit business, a brokerage that had long been one of the biggest marketmakers (the...

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