A Troubled land

EDY PURNOMO/GETTY IMAGES

Waving the flag in Dili during East Timor independence celebrations on May 19, 2002

Nov. 28, 1975: East Timor declares its independence from Portugal. Nine days later, Indonesian troops invade. Jakarta formally annexes East Timor the following year as Indonesia's 27th province.

Nov. 12, 1991: Indonesian soldiers gun down hundreds of Timorese protesters in Dili's Santa Cruz Cemetery. Footage of the incident broadcast around the world galvanizes international opinion against the occupation.

1992: Rebel leader Xanana Gusmão is captured and later sentenced to life imprisonment in Jakarta's Cipinang prison.

1996: East Timor independence activists José Ramos-Horta and Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo jointly win the Nobel...

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