Jacques-Yves Cousteau

Sailors tell tales of a magical world beneath the sea. Until Jacques-Yves Cousteau pioneered the aqualung, that world was barred to all but submariners and professional divers in clunky suits and helmets, sucking on air delivered by hosepipe. But with his self-contained breathing equipment and body-hugging wet suit, Cousteau became a self-described "manfish" and was soon sending dispatches from this gloriously strange environment.

His prolific output of films, books and long-running TV series — including The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau — entranced landlubbers across the world. His 1956 film Le Monde du Silence (The Silent...

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