Andrei Sakharov

I was once asked whether it was easy to live with a genius. The question was unexpected for me. I simply loved Andrei Sakharov, although I understood, of course, that I was the companion of a man of extraordinary intellectual courage, a good and honest man, who was definite and unerring in his moral decisions and who lived according to them.

Although Sakharov was included in TIME's list of the 100 outstanding people of the 20th century, few people now remember his name, and even fewer know of his accomplishments in physics and in public...