SHIRIN EBADI, who in 2003 became the first Iranian to win the Nobel Peace Prize, said she will defy a ban on her human-rights organization that Tehran imposed last week. The government declared the Center for Defense of Human Rights illegal--on grounds that it was functioning without a proper permit--and threatened to prosecute members who continue to offer pro bono legal counsel to Iranian dissidents.
Founded in 2001, the group has repeatedly applied for a permit, which is not required by law. Ebadi says the center received assurances from authorities that it could continue to operate. But it...